Scientific article
Open access

Activation of the Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Pathway Inhibits Epithelial Sodium Channel-Mediated Sodium Transport in Collecting Duct Principal Cells

Published inJournal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 32, no. 12, p. 3130-3145
Publication date2021-12
First online date2021-10-06

Background: Active sodium reabsorption is the major factor influencing renal oxygen consumption and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Increased sodium reabsorption uses more oxygen, which may worsen medullary hypoxia and produce more ROS via enhanced mitochondrial ATP synthesis. Both mechanisms may activate the hypoxiainducible factor (HIF) pathway. Because the collecting duct is exposed to low oxygen pressure and variations of active sodium transport, we assessed whether the HIF pathway controls epithelial sodium channel (ENaC)-dependent sodium transport.

Methods: We investigated HIF's effect on ENaC expression in mpkCCD cl4 cells (a model of collecting duct principal cells) using real-time PCR and Western blot and ENaC activity by measuring amiloride-sensitive current. We also assessed the effect of hypoxia and sodium intake on abundance of kidney sodium transporters in wild-type and inducible kidney tubule-specific Hif1α knockout mice.

Results: In cultured cells, activation of the HIF pathway by dimethyloxalylglycine or hypoxia inhibited sodium transport and decreased expression of βENaC and γENaC, as well as of Na,K-ATPase. HIF1α silencing increased βENaC and γENaC expression and stimulated sodium transport. A constitutively active mutant of HIF1α produced the opposite effect. Aldosterone and inhibition of the mitochondrial respiratory chain slowly activated the HIF pathway, suggesting that ROS may also activate HIF. Decreased γENaC abundance induced by hypoxia in normal mice was abolished in Hif1α knockout mice. Similarly, Hif1α knockout led to increased γENaC abundance under high sodium intake.

Conclusions: This study reveals that γENaC expression and activity are physiologically controlled by the HIF pathway, which may represent a negative feedback mechanism to preserve oxygenation and/or prevent excessive ROS generation under increased sodium transport.

Citation (ISO format)
BERNABEU DIZIN, Eva et al. Activation of the Hypoxia-Inducible Factor Pathway Inhibits Epithelial Sodium Channel-Mediated Sodium Transport in Collecting Duct Principal Cells. In: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2021, vol. 32, n° 12, p. 3130–3145. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2021010046
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ISSN of the journal1046-6673

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