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The mature endosperm governs early seedling development in Arabidopsis thaliana: a focus on seedling cuticle formation

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Defense Thèse de doctorat : Univ. Genève, 2021 - Sc. Vie 113 - 2021/08/30
Abstract In Arabidopsis mature seeds, the onset of the embryo-to-seedling transition is nonautonomously controlled, being blocked by endospermic abscisic acid (ABA) release under unfavorable conditions. Whether the mature endosperm governs additional nonautonomous developmental processes during this transition is unknown. Mature embryos have a more permeable cuticle than seedlings consistent with their endospermic ABA uptake capability. Seedlings acquire their well-sealing cuticles adapted to aerial lifestyle during germination. Endosperm removal prevents seedling cuticle formation and seed reconstitution by endosperm grafting onto embryos shows that the endosperm promotes seedling cuticle development. Grafting different endosperm and embryo mutant combinations, together with biochemical, microscopy and mass spectrometry approaches, reveals that release of tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase (TPST)-sulfated CIF2 and PSY1 peptides from the endosperm promotes seedling cuticle development. Endosperm-deprived embryos produced nonviable seedlings bearing numerous developmental defects, not related to embryo malnutrition, all restored by exogenously provided endosperm. Hence, seedling establishment is nonautonomous, requiring the mature endosperm.
Keywords Mature endospermSeedEmbryo-to-seedling transitionTPSTPSY1CIF2Cuticle
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URN: urn:nbn:ch:unige-1564511
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Research group Groupe Lopez-Molina
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DE GIORGI, Julien. The mature endosperm governs early seedling development in Arabidopsis thaliana: a focus on seedling cuticle formation. Université de Genève. Thèse, 2021. doi: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:156451 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:156451

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Deposited on : 2021-11-17

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