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Title

A subcutaneous cellular implant for passive immunization against amyloid-β reduces brain amyloid and tau pathologies

Authors
Laversenne, Vanessa
Astolfo, Alberto
Kopetzki, Erhard
Jacobsen, Helmut
Stampanoni, Marco
Bohrmann, Bernd
Schneider, Bernard L
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Published in Brain. 2016, vol. 139, no. Pt 5, p. 1587-1604
Abstract Passive immunization against misfolded toxic proteins is a promising approach to treat neurodegenerative disorders. For effective immunotherapy against Alzheimer's disease, recent clinical data indicate that monoclonal antibodies directed against the amyloid-β peptide should be administered before the onset of symptoms associated with irreversible brain damage. It is therefore critical to develop technologies for continuous antibody delivery applicable to disease prevention. Here, we addressed this question using a bioactive cellular implant to deliver recombinant anti-amyloid-β antibodies in the subcutaneous tissue. An encapsulating device permeable to macromolecules supports the long-term survival of myogenic cells over more than 10 months in immunocompetent allogeneic recipients. The encapsulated cells are genetically engineered to secrete high levels of anti-amyloid-β antibodies. Peripheral implantation leads to continuous antibody delivery to reach plasma levels that exceed 50 µg/ml. In a proof-of-concept study, we show that the recombinant antibodies produced by this system penetrate the brain and bind amyloid plaques in two mouse models of the Alzheimer's pathology. When encapsulated cells are implanted before the onset of amyloid plaque deposition in TauPS2APP mice, chronic exposure to anti-amyloid-β antibodies dramatically reduces amyloid-β40 and amyloid-β42 levels in the brain, decreases amyloid plaque burden, and most notably, prevents phospho-tau pathology in the hippocampus. These results support the use of encapsulated cell implants for passive immunotherapy against the misfolded proteins, which accumulate in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders.
Keywords Alzheimer’s diseaseAntibodyCellular implantEncapsulationImmunizationAlzheimer Disease / prevention & controlAmyloid beta-Peptides / antagonists & inhibitorsAmyloid beta-Peptides / immunologyAmyloid beta-Peptides / metabolismAnimalsAntibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosageAntibodies, Monoclonal / bloodAntibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacokineticsAntibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacologyBrain / metabolismCells, CulturedDrug ImplantsImmunization, Passive / methodsMiceMice, TransgenicNeuroprotectionPeptide Fragments / metabolismPlaque, Amyloid / metabolismRecombinant Proteins / administration & dosageRecombinant Proteins / pharmacokineticsRecombinant Proteins / pharmacologySubcutaneous AbsorptionTauopathies / prevention & control
Identifiers
PMID: 26956423
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LATHUILIERE, Aurélien et al. A subcutaneous cellular implant for passive immunization against amyloid-β reduces brain amyloid and tau pathologies. In: Brain , 2016, vol. 139, n° Pt 5, p. 1587-1604. doi: 10.1093/brain/aww036 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:155885

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Deposited on : 2021-11-01

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