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Scientific article
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Ex-vivo stimulation of adipose stem cells by growth factors and fibrin-hydrogel assisted delivery strategies for treating nerve gap-injuries

Published inBioengineering, vol. 7, no. 2
Publication date2020
Abstract

Peripheral nerve injuries often result in lifelong disabilities despite advanced surgical interventions, indicating the urgent clinical need for effective therapies. In order to improve the potency of adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) for nerve regeneration, the present study focused primarily on ex-vivo stimulation of ASC by using growth factors, i.e., nerve growth factor (NGF) or vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and secondly on fibrin-hydrogel nerve conduits (FNC) assisted ASC delivery strategies, i.e., intramural vs. intraluminal loading. ASC were stimulated by NGF or VEGF for 3 days and the resulting secretome was subsequently evaluated in an in vitro axonal outgrowth assay. For the animal study, a 10 mm sciatic nerve gap-injury was created in rats and reconstructed using FNC loaded with ASC. Secretome derived from NGF-stimulated ASC promoted significant axonal outgrowth from the DRG-explants in comparison to all other conditions. Thus, NGF-stimulated ASC were further investigated in animals and found to enhance early nerve regeneration as evidenced by the increased number of β-Tubulin III+ axons. Notably, FNC assisted intramural delivery enabled the improvement of ASC's therapeutic efficacy in comparison to the intraluminal delivery system. Thus, ex-vivo stimulation of ASC by NGF and FNC assisted intramural delivery may offer new options for developing effective therapies.

Keywords
  • Schwann cells
  • Adipose stem cells
  • Axonal regeneration
  • Fibrin nerve conduits
  • Growth factors
  • Hydrogels
  • Neurotrophic factors
  • Peripheral nerve injuries
  • Stem cells delivery
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
PRAUTSCH, Katharina M et al. Ex-vivo stimulation of adipose stem cells by growth factors and fibrin-hydrogel assisted delivery strategies for treating nerve gap-injuries. In: Bioengineering, 2020, vol. 7, n° 2. doi: 10.3390/bioengineering7020042
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ISSN of the journal2306-5354
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