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Scientific article
Review
English

Perception and Signaling of Ultraviolet-B Radiation in Plants

Published inAnnual Review of Plant Biology, vol. 72, p. 793-822
Publication date2021
Abstract

Ultraviolet-B (UV-B) radiation is an intrinsic fraction of sunlight that plants perceive through the UVR8 photoreceptor. UVR8 is a homodimer in its ground state that monomerizes upon UV-B photon absorption via distinct tryptophan residues. Monomeric UVR8 competitively binds to the substrate binding site of COP1, thus inhibiting its E3 ubiquitin ligase activity against target proteins, which include transcriptional regulators such as HY5. The UVR8-COP1 interaction also leads to the destabilization of PIF bHLH factor family members. Additionally, UVR8 directly interacts with and inhibits the DNA binding of a different set of transcription factors. Each of these UVR8 signaling mechanisms initiates nuclear gene expression changes leading to UV-B-induced photomorphogenesis and acclimation. The two WD40-repeat proteins RUP1 and RUP2 provide negative feedback regulation and inactivate UVR8 by facilitating redimerization. Here, we review the molecular mechanisms of the UVR8 pathway from UV-B perception and signal transduction to gene expression changes and physiological UV-B responses.

Keywords
  • UVR8
  • Photoreceptor
  • COP1
  • HY5
  • Acclimation
  • UV-B
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
PODOLEC, Roman, DEMARSY, Emilie, ULM, Roman. Perception and Signaling of Ultraviolet-B Radiation in Plants. In: Annual Review of Plant Biology, 2021, vol. 72, p. 793–822. doi: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-050718-095946
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ISSN of the journal1543-5008
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Creation06/22/2021 10:49:00 AM
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