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Heteroaggregation and Homoaggregation of Latex Particles in the Presence of Alkyl Sulfate Surfactants

Published inColloids and Interfaces, vol. 4, no. 4, 52
Publication date2020
Abstract

Heteroaggregation and homoaggregation is investigated with time-resolved multi-angle dynamic light scattering. The aggregation rates are measured in aqueous suspensions of amidine latex (AL) and sulfate latex (SL) particles in the presence of sodium octyl sulfate (SOS) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). As revealed by electrophoresis, the surfactants adsorb to both types of particles. For the AL particles, the adsorption of surfactants induces a charge reversal and triggers fast aggregation close to the isoelectric point (IEP). The negatively charged SL particles remain negatively charged and stable in the whole concentration range investigated. The heteroaggregation rates for AL and SL particles are fast at low surfactant concentrations, where the particles are oppositely charged. At higher concentrations, the heteroaggregation slows down above the IEP of the AL particles, where the particles become like-charged. The SDS has higher affinity to the surface compared to the SOS, which induces a shift of the IEP and of the fast aggregation regime to lower surfactant concentrations.

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Citation (ISO format)
CAO, Tianchi, BORKOVEC, Michal, TREFALT, Gregor. Heteroaggregation and Homoaggregation of Latex Particles in the Presence of Alkyl Sulfate Surfactants. In: Colloids and Interfaces, 2020, vol. 4, n° 4, p. 52. doi: 10.3390/colloids4040052
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ISSN of the journal2504-5377
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Creation12/04/2020 1:51:00 PM
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