Scientific article
Open access

Cognitive reserve attenuates 6-year decline in executive functioning after stroke

Published inDementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, vol. 48, no. 5-6, p. 349-353
Publication date2019

Aims: We investigated whether the longitudinal relationship between history of stroke and subsequent decline in executive functioning over 6 years differed by cognitive reserve. Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from 897 older adults (mean age, 74.33 years) tested on the Trail Making Test (TMT) in two waves 6 years apart. Participants reported information on key frequently used proxies of lifelong cognitive reserve accumulation (i.e., education, occupation, and leisure activity engagement), and history of stroke. Results: There was a significant interaction of stroke with leisure activity engagement on latent change in executive functioning. Specifically, only for individuals with low (but not those with high) leisure activity engagement, history of stroke significantly predicted a steeper subsequent decline in executive functioning across 6 years (i.e., increases in TMT completion time). Conclusion: The detrimental aftereffects of stroke on subsequent decline in executive functioning may be attenuated in individuals who have accumulated greater cognitive reserve through leisure activity engagement across their life.

  • Stroke
  • Decline in executive functioning
  • Cognitive reserve
  • Leisure activities
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - NCCR LIVES: Overcoming vulnerability - life course perspectives (phase II)
Citation (ISO format)
IHLE, Andreas et al. Cognitive reserve attenuates 6-year decline in executive functioning after stroke. In: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 2019, vol. 48, n° 5-6, p. 349–353. doi: 10.1159/000506877
Main files (3)
Article (Published version)
Article (Accepted version)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal1420-8008

Technical informations

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