Scientific article
Open access

Measuring 3D shape in orthodontics through geometric morphometrics

Published inProgress in Orthodontics, vol. 18, no. 1, 38
Publication date2017

Geometric morphometrics (GMM) has been traditionally applied to the field of biology to study developmental differentiations between species. Orthodontics deals with the shape and size of the face and its components. While several tools have been used to measure size, proportions, and relations between anatomical components, shape has been mainly described by esthetic criteria. The purpose of this paper is to present methods to measure shape of 3D orthodontic data, beyond the conventional tools that have been traditionally used in cephalometrics and in facial and dental cast analysis.

  • Anatomic Landmarks
  • Cephalometry/methods
  • Face/anatomy & histology/diagnostic imaging
  • Humans
  • Imaging
  • Three-Dimensional/methods
  • Orthodontics
  • Palate/anatomy & histology/diagnostic imaging
  • Principal Component Analysis
Citation (ISO format)
HUANCA GHISLANZONI, Luis Tomas et al. Measuring 3D shape in orthodontics through geometric morphometrics. In: Progress in Orthodontics, 2017, vol. 18, n° 1, p. 38. doi: 10.1186/s40510-017-0194-9
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1723-7785

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