Scientific article
Open access

Assessment of various strategies for 18F-FET PET-guided delineation of target volumes in high-grade glioma patients

Published inEuropean journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, vol. 36, no. 2, p. 182-193
  • Open Access - Licence nationale Springer
Publication date2009

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to assess the contribution of (18)F-fluoro-ethyl-tyrosine ((18)F-FET) positron emission tomography (PET) in the delineation of gross tumor volume (GTV) in patients with high-grade gliomas compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 18 patients with high-grade gliomas. Seven image segmentation techniques were used to delineate (18)F-FET PET GTVs, and the results were compared to the manual MRI-derived GTV (GTV(MRI)). PET image segmentation techniques included manual delineation of contours (GTV(man)), a 2.5 standardized uptake value (SUV) cutoff (GTV(2.5)), a fixed threshold of 40% and 50% of the maximum signal intensity (GTV(40%) and GTV(50%)), signal-to-background ratio (SBR)-based adaptive thresholding (GTV(SBR)), gradient find (GTV(GF)), and region growing (GTV(RG)). Overlap analysis was also conducted to assess geographic mismatch between the GTVs delineated using the different techniques. RESULTS: Contours defined using GTV(2.5) failed to provide successful delineation technically in three patients (18% of cases) as SUV(max) < 2.5 and clinically in 14 patients (78% of cases). Overall, the majority of GTVs defined on PET-based techniques were usually smaller than GTV(MRI) (67% of cases). Yet, PET detected frequently tumors that are not visible on MRI and added substantially tumor extension outside the GTV(MRI) in six patients (33% of cases). CONCLUSIONS: The selection of the most appropriate (18)F-FET PET-based segmentation algorithm is crucial, since it impacts both the volume and shape of the resulting GTV. The 2.5 SUV isocontour and GF segmentation techniques performed poorly and should not be used for GTV delineation. With adequate setting, the SBR-based PET technique may add considerably to conventional MRI-guided GTV delineation.

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Glioma/pathology/radionuclide imaging
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Positron-Emission Tomography
  • Reference Standards
  • Tumor Burden
  • Tyrosine/analogs & derivatives/diagnostic use
Citation (ISO format)
VEES, Hansjörg et al. Assessment of various strategies for 18F-FET PET-guided delineation of target volumes in high-grade glioma patients. In: European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 2009, vol. 36, n° 2, p. 182–193. doi: 10.1007/s00259-008-0943-6
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal1619-7089

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Creation04/03/2009 12:05:00 PM
First validation04/03/2009 12:05:00 PM
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