Scientific article
Open access

Music in premature infants enhances high-level cognitive brain networks

Published inProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 116, no. 24, p. 12103-12108
Publication date2019

Neonatal intensive care units are willing to apply environmental enrichment via music for preterm newborns. However, no evidence of an effect of music on preterm brain development has been reported to date. Using resting-state fMRI, we characterized a circuitry of interest consisting of three network modules interconnected by the salience network that displays reduced network coupling in preterm compared with full-term newborns. Interestingly, preterm infants exposed to music in the neonatal intensive care units have significantly increased coupling between brain networks previously shown to be decreased in premature infants: the salience network with the superior frontal, auditory, and sensorimotor networks, and the salience network with the thalamus and precuneus networks. Therefore, music exposure leads to functional brain architectures that are more similar to those of full-term newborns, providing evidence for a beneficial effect of music on the preterm brain.

Citation (ISO format)
REBENAQUE-MARTINEZ, Lara et al. Music in premature infants enhances high-level cognitive brain networks. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2019, vol. 116, n° 24, p. 12103–12108. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1817536116
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0027-8424

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