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Title

Music in premature infants enhances high-level cognitive brain networks

Authors
Vollenweider, Andreas
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Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2019, vol. 116, no. 24, p. 12103-12108
Abstract Neonatal intensive care units are willing to apply environmental enrichment via music for preterm newborns. However, no evidence of an effect of music on preterm brain development has been reported to date. Using resting-state fMRI, we characterized a circuitry of interest consisting of three network modules interconnected by the salience network that displays reduced network coupling in preterm compared with full-term newborns. Interestingly, preterm infants exposed to music in the neonatal intensive care units have significantly increased coupling between brain networks previously shown to be decreased in premature infants: the salience network with the superior frontal, auditory, and sensorimotor networks, and the salience network with the thalamus and precuneus networks. Therefore, music exposure leads to functional brain architectures that are more similar to those of full-term newborns, providing evidence for a beneficial effect of music on the preterm brain.
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PMID: 31138687
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Research groups Affective sciences
Groupe Lazeyras Francois (IRM fonctionnelle et métabolique) (539)
L'imagerie cérébrale (184)
Neuroscience de l'émotion et dynamiques affectives (NEAD)
Traitement d'images médicales (893)
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REBENAQUE-MARTINEZ, Lara et al. Music in premature infants enhances high-level cognitive brain networks. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2019, vol. 116, n° 24, p. 12103-12108. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1817536116 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:128204

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Deposited on : 2019-12-23

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