Scientific article
Open access

Unifying Paradigms of Quantum Refrigeration: A Universal and Attainable Bound on Cooling

Published inPhysical Review Letters, vol. 123, no. 170605
Publication date2019

Cooling quantum systems is arguably one of the most important thermodynamic tasks connected to modern quantum technologies and an interesting question from a foundational perspective. It is thus of no surprise that many different theoretical cooling schemes have been proposed, differing in the assumed control paradigm and complexity, and operating either in a single cycle or in steady state limits. Working out bounds on quantum cooling has since been a highly context dependent task with multiple answers, with no general result that holds independent of assumptions. In this letter we derive a universal bound for cooling quantum systems in the limit of infinite cycles (or steady state regimes) that is valid for any control paradigm and machine size. The bound only depends on a single parameter of the refrigerator and is theoretically attainable in all control paradigms. For qubit targets we prove that this bound is achievable in a single cycle and by autonomous machines.

Citation (ISO format)
CLIVAZ, Fabien et al. Unifying Paradigms of Quantum Refrigeration: A Universal and Attainable Bound on Cooling. In: Physical Review Letters, 2019, vol. 123, n° 170605. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.170605
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal0031-9007

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