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Macroautophagy in dendritic cells controls the homeostasis and stability of regulatory T cells

Seemayer, Christian A
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Published in Cell reports. 2019, vol. 28, no. 1, p. 21-29.e6
Abstract Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a crucial role in controlling autoimmune and inflammatory responses. Recent studies have demonstrated that dendritic cells (DCs) contribute to the homeostasis of peripheral Tregs. Autophagy, a critical pathway for cellular homeostasis, is active in DCs and is upregulated in different inflammatory conditions. We have shown that Tregs are expanded and have phenotypic alterations and impaired suppressive functions in mice with autophagy-deficient DCs. RNA profiling of Tregs revealed that autophagy in DCs is required to stabilize Treg expression signatures. This phenotype is linked to the downregulation of ICOS-Ligand expression in autophagy-deficient DCs, a consequence of the accumulation of ADAM10, the metalloproteinase responsible for its cleavage. Upon inflammation, in antigen-induced arthritis, mice with autophagy-deficient DCs exhibit increased synovial inflammation and cartilage and bone erosion correlating with Treg-to-Th17 conversion. Our data reveal a mechanism that couples autophagy deficiency in DCs to the function, homeostasis, and stability of Tregs.
PMID: 31269441
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Swiss National Science Foundation: 310030_169938
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NIVEN, Jennifer et al. Macroautophagy in dendritic cells controls the homeostasis and stability of regulatory T cells. In: Cell Reports, 2019, vol. 28, n° 1, p. 21-29.e6. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.05.110 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:125385

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Deposited on : 2019-10-31

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