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Benefits of nanoencapsulation for the hypercin-mediated photodetection of ovarian micrometastases

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Published in European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics. 2009, vol. 71, no. 2, p. 207-13
Abstract The high recurrence and lethality of ovarian cancer at advanced stages is problematic, especially due to the development of numerous micrometastases scattered throughout the abdominal cavity. Fluorescence photodetection (PD) used in combination with surgical resection of malignant tissues has been suggested to improve recovery. Based on promising in vivo results for the detection of bladder cancer, hypericin (Hy), a natural photosensitizer (PS), stands as a good candidate for the photodetection of ovarian cancer. However, due to its hydrophobicity, systemic administration of Hy is problematic. Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) help to overcome these delivery and stability problems and enable intravenous administration of Hy. In this study, Hy-loaded NPs of polylactic acid were produced with the following properties: (i) mean size of 268 nm, (ii) negative zeta potential, (iii) low residual surfactant and (iv) drug loading of 3.7 % (w/w). The potential of hypericin-loaded nanoparticles for the fluorescence photodetection of ovarian metastases in Fischer 344 rats bearing ovarian tumours was compared to free drug. The selectivity of Hy administered with both formulations was assessed first by fluorescence endoscopy, and then quantified after tissue extraction. The results showed an improved selective accumulation of Hy in ovarian micrometastases when NPs were used.
Keywords Ovarian cancerFluorescence photodetectionNanoparticleHypericinIn vivoDrug delivery system
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PMID: 18977296
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ZEISSER-LABOUEBE, Magali et al. Benefits of nanoencapsulation for the hypercin-mediated photodetection of ovarian micrometastases. In: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 2009, vol. 71, n° 2, p. 207-13. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:1219

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Deposited on : 2009-03-24

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