en
Privat-docent thesis
Open access
English

Large-scale evaluation of bacterial genome content for the identification of epidemiological and virulence bases in MRSA

ContributorsFrancois, Patriceorcid
Defense date2010
Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is a major human pathogen responsible for a wide diversity of infections ranging from localized to life threatening diseases. From 1961 and the emergence methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA), this bacterium has shown particular capacity to survive and adapt to drastic environmental changes and we observed since beginning of the nineties its worldwide spreading. Until recently, S. aureus was considered as the prototype of a nosocomial pathogen but it has now clearly shown also responsible for outbreaks in the community. Several recent reports suggest therefore that the epidemiology of MRSA is changing. The understanding of pathogenicity, virulence and emergence of epidemic clones within MRSA populations is not clearly defined, despite several attempts to identify common molecular features between strains that share similar epidemiological and/or virulence behavior. These studies included: i) pattern profiling of bacterial adhesins, ii) analysis of clonal complex groups, iii) molecular genotyping, or iv) enterotoxins content studies. To date, all approaches failed unraveling correlation between molecular determinants and clinical outcomes. We hypothesize that parameters contributing to strain virulence or to the capacity to evolve from a non-invasive to an invasive behavior are contained within the genetic material of the bacterium. The utilization of massively parallel methods of analysis is therefore ideal to study the contribution of this genetic make-up. Our evaluations are therefore performed on the entire genome including coding sequences (CDS) as well as non coding sequences. Ideally, these determinations should allow appreciating micro and macro evolution of MRSA and identifying specific genomic markers of evolution towards invasive or highly virulent phenotypes.

eng
Keywords
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Small RNA
  • Genome
  • Transcriptome
  • Sequencing
  • Expression
  • SNPs
  • Microarray
  • Restriction systems
Citation (ISO format)
FRANCOIS, Patrice. Large-scale evaluation of bacterial genome content for the identification of epidemiological and virulence bases in MRSA. 2010. doi: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:11869
Main files (1)
Thesis
accessLevelPublic
Identifiers
627views
634downloads

Technical informations

Creation09/21/2010 6:09:00 PM
First validation09/21/2010 6:09:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 4:06:36 PM
Status update03/14/2023 4:06:36 PM
Last indexation05/02/2024 11:47:01 AM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack