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English

Fast Potentiometric CO2 Sensor for High-Resolution In Situ Measurements in Fresh Water Systems

Published inEnvironmental Science & Technology, vol. 52, no. 19, p. 11259-11266
Publication date2018
Abstract

We present a new potentiometric sensor principle and a calibration protocol for in situ profiling of dissolved CO₂ with high temporal and spatial resolution in fresh water lakes. The sensor system is based on the measurement of EMF between two solid-contact ion selective electrodes (SC-ISEs), a hydrogen ion selective and a carbonate selective sensor. Since it relies on SC-ISEs, it is insensitive to changes in pressure, thus suitable for in situ studies. Also, as it offers a response time (t95%) of <10 s, it allows for profiling applications at high spatial resolution. The proposed optimum in situ protocol accounts for the continuous drift and change in offset that remains a challenge during profiling in natural waters. The fast response resolves features that are usually missed by standard methods like the classical Severinghaus CO₂ probe. In addition, the insensitivity of the presented setup to dissolved sulfide allows also for measurements in anoxic zones of eutrophic systems. Highly resolved CO₂ concentration profiles obtained by the novel and robust SC-ISE setup along with the developed optimum in situ protocol allow investigating hotspots of biogeochemical processes, such as mineralization and primary production in the water column and help improving estimates for CO₂ turnover in freshwater systems.

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Citation (ISO format)
ATHAVALE, Rohini et al. Fast Potentiometric CO<sub>2</sub> Sensor for High-Resolution <i>In Situ</i> Measurements in Fresh Water Systems. In: Environmental Science & Technology, 2018, vol. 52, n° 19, p. 11259–11266. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.8b02969
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ISSN of the journal0013-936X
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