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Errors in power-law estimations of inflow rates for intracranial aneurysm CFD.

Chnafa, C
Bouillot, P
Najafi, M
Delattre, B M A
Pereira, V M
Steinman, D A
Published in Journal of Biomechanics. 2018, vol. 80, p. 159-165
Abstract Patient-specific inflow rates are rarely available for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) studies of intracranial aneurysms. Instead, inflow rates are often estimated from parent artery diameters via power laws, i.e. Q ∝ Dn, reflecting adaptation of conduit arteries to demanded flow. The present study aimed to validate the accuracy of these power laws. Internal carotid artery (ICA) flow rates were measured from 25 ICA aneurysm patients via 2D phase contrast MRI. ICA diameters, derived from 3D segmentation of rotational angiograms, were used to estimate inflow rates via power laws from the aneurysm CFD literature assuming the same inlet wall shear stress (WSS) (n = 3), velocity (n = 2) or flow rate (n = 0) for all cases. To illustrate the potential impact of errors in flow rate estimates, pulsatile CFD was carried out for four cases having large errors for at least one power law. Flow rates estimated by n = 3 and n = 0 power laws had significant (p < 0.01) mean biases of -22% to +32%, respectively, but with individual errors ranging from -78% to +120%. The n = 2 power law had no significant bias, but had non-negligible individual errors of -58% to +71%. CFD showed similarly large errors for time-averaged sac WSS; however, these were reduced after normalizing by parent artery WSS. High frequency WSS fluctuations, evident in 2/4 aneurysms, were also sensitive to inflow rate errors. Care should therefore be exercised in the interpretation of aneurysm CFD studies that rely on power law estimates of inflow rates, especially if absolute (vs. normalized) WSS, or WSS instabilities, are of interest.
Keywords AneurysmComputational fluid dynamicsFlow ratesMagnetic resonance imagingWall shear stress
PMID: 30243498
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Research group Optimisations des techniques avancés en neuroimagerie (985)
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CHNAFA, C et al. Errors in power-law estimations of inflow rates for intracranial aneurysm CFD. In: Journal of Biomechanics, 2018, vol. 80, p. 159-165. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2018.09.006 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:112123

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Deposited on : 2018-12-07

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