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Scientific article
English

RHON1 mediates a Rho-like activity for transcription termination in plastids of Arabidopsis thaliana

Published inPlant Cell, vol. 26, no. 12, p. 4918-4932
Publication date2014
Abstract

Although transcription termination is essential to generate functional RNAs, its underlying molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood in plastids of vascular plants. Here, we show that the RNA binding protein RHON1 participates in transcriptional termination of rbcL (encoding large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase) in Arabidopsis thaliana. Inactivation of RHON1 leads to enhanced rbcL read-through transcription and to aberrant accD (encoding β-subunit of the acetyl-CoA carboxylase) transcriptional initiation, which may result from inefficient transcription termination of rbcL. RHON1 can bind to the mRNA as well as to single-stranded DNA of rbcL, displays an RNA-dependent ATPase activity, and terminates transcription of rbcL in vitro. These results suggest that RHON1 terminates rbcL transcription using an ATP-driven mechanism similar to that of Rho of Escherichia coli. This RHON1-dependent transcription termination occurs in Arabidopsis but not in rice (Oryza sativa) and appears to reflect a fundamental difference between plastomes of dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plants. Our results point to the importance and significance of plastid transcription termination and provide insights into its machinery in an evolutionary context.

Keywords
  • Arabidopsis/genetics/metabolism
  • Arabidopsis Proteins/genetics/metabolism/physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Plant
  • Oryza/genetics
  • Plants
  • Genetically Modified/genetics
  • Plastids/genetics/metabolism
  • RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/metabolism/physiology
  • Ribulose-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/genetics
  • Transcription Termination
  • Genetic
Citation (ISO format)
CHI, Wei et al. RHON1 mediates a Rho-like activity for transcription termination in plastids of Arabidopsis thaliana. In: Plant Cell, 2014, vol. 26, n° 12, p. 4918–4932. doi: 10.1105/tpc.114.132118
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ISSN of the journal1040-4651
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