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Title

Plastidial NAD-Dependent Malate Dehydrogenase: A Moonlighting Protein Involved in Early Chloroplast Development through Its Interaction with an FtsH12-FtsHi Protease Complex

Authors
Schreier, Tina B
Cléry, Antoine
Schläfli, Michael
Galbier, Florian
Stadler, Martha
Albertini, Daniele
Maier, Benjamin A
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Published in Plant Cell. 2018, vol. 30, no. 8, p. 1745-1769
Abstract Malate dehydrogenases (MDHs) convert malate to oxaloacetate using NAD(H) or NADP(H) as a cofactor. Arabidopsis thaliana mutants lacking plastidial NAD-dependent MDH (pdnad-mdh) are embryo-lethal, and constitutive silencing (miR-mdh-1) causes a pale, dwarfed phenotype. The reason for these severe phenotypes is unknown. Here, we rescued the embryo lethality of pdnad-mdh via embryo-specific expression of pdNAD-MDH. Rescued seedlings developed white leaves with aberrant chloroplasts and failed to reproduce. Inducible silencing of pdNAD-MDH at the rosette stage also resulted in white newly emerging leaves. These data suggest that pdNAD-MDH is important for early plastid development, which is consistent with the reductions in major plastidial galactolipid, carotenoid, and protochlorophyllide levels in miR-mdh-1 seedlings. Surprisingly, the targeting of other NAD-dependent MDH isoforms to the plastid did not complement the embryo lethality of pdnad-mdh, while expression of enzymatically inactive pdNAD-MDH did. These complemented plants grew indistinguishably from the wild type. Both active and inactive forms of pdNAD-MDH interact with a heteromeric AAA-ATPase complex at the inner membrane of the chloroplast envelope. Silencing the expression of FtsH12, a key member of this complex, resulted in a phenotype that strongly resembles miR-mdh-1. We propose that pdNAD-MDH is essential for chloroplast development due to its moonlighting role in stabilizing FtsH12, distinct from its enzymatic function.
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PMID: 29934433
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Other version: http://www.plantcell.org/content/30/8/1745
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SCHREIER, Tina B et al. Plastidial NAD-Dependent Malate Dehydrogenase: A Moonlighting Protein Involved in Early Chloroplast Development through Its Interaction with an FtsH12-FtsHi Protease Complex. In: Plant Cell, 2018, vol. 30, n° 8, p. 1745-1769. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:110965

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Deposited on : 2018-11-20

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