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Mineralogical Study of the Advanced Argillic Alteration Zone at the Konos Hill Mo–Cu–Re–Au Porphyry Prospect, NE Greece

Mavrogonatos, Constantinos
Voudouris, Panagiotis
Spry, Paul G.
Melfos, Vasilios
Klemme, Stephan
Berndt, Jasper
Baker, Tim
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Published in Minerals. 2018, vol. 8, no. 11, p. 479/1-18
Abstract The Konos Hill prospect in NE Greece represents a telescoped Mo–Cu–Re–Au porphyry occurrence overprinted by deep-level high-sulfidation mineralization. Porphyry-style mineralization is exposed in the deeper parts of the system and comprises quartz stockwork veins hosted in subvolcanic intrusions of granodioritic composition. Ore minerals include pyrite, molybdenite, chalcopyrite, and rheniite. In the upper part of the system, intense hydrothermal alteration resulted in the formation of a silicified zone and the development of various advanced argillic alteration assemblages, which are spatially related to N–S, NNW–SSE, and E–W trending faults. More distal and downwards, advanced argillic alteration gradually evolves into phyllic assemblages dominated by quartz and sericite. Zunyite, along with various amounts of quartz, alunite, aluminum phosphate–sulfate minerals (APS), diaspore, kaolinite, and minor pyrophyllite, are the main minerals in the advanced argillic alteration. Mineral-chemical analyses reveal significant variance in the SiO2, F, and Cl content of zunyite. Alunite supergroup minerals display a wide compositional range corresponding to members of the alunite, beudantite, and plumbogummite subgroups. Diaspore displays an almost stoichiometric composition. Mineralization in the lithocap consists of pyrite, enargite, tetrahedrite/tennantite, and colusite. Bulk ore analyses of mineralized samples show a relative enrichment in elements such as Se, Mo, and Bi, which supports a genetic link between the studied lithocap and the underlying Konos Hill porphyry-style mineralization. The occurrence of advanced argillic alteration assemblages along the N–S, NNW–SSE, and E–W trending faults suggests that highly acidic hydrothermal fluids were ascending into the lithocap environment. Zunyite along with diaspore, pyrophyllite, and Sr- and Rare Earth Elements-bearing APS minerals, mark the proximity of the hypogene advanced argillic alteration zone to the porphyry environment.
Keywords ZunyiteAlunite supergroup mineralsLithocapPorphyry-epithermal mineralizationGreece
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Other version: http://www.mdpi.com/2075-163X/8/11/479
Research group Mineral Resources and Geofluids
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MAVROGONATOS, Constantinos et al. Mineralogical Study of the Advanced Argillic Alteration Zone at the Konos Hill Mo–Cu–Re–Au Porphyry Prospect, NE Greece. In: Minerals, 2018, vol. 8, n° 11, p. 479/1-18. doi: 10.3390/min8110479 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:110338

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Deposited on : 2018-11-02

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