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The effect of ensemble and solo performance on affective experiences induced by music

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Published in Psychology of Music. 2017, vol. 45, no. 4, p. 600-608
Abstract Scherer and Zentner (2001) propose that affective experiences might be the product of a multiplicative function between structural, performance, listener, and contextual related features. Yet research on the effects of structure, and particularly texture, has mostly focused on perceived emotions. We therefore sought to test the effects of structural features on subjective musical experiences in a listening study by manipulating the performance, solo versus ensemble, of five segments of a piece for string quartet, while also exploring the impact of listener features such as musical training, listening habits and stable dispositions such as empathy. We found that participants (N = 144, 78% female; Mage = 22.74 years, SD = 5.13) felt like moving more (ME) and perceived their physiological rhythms change more (VE) during ensemble compared to solo conditions. Moreover, ME significantly predicted positive emotions, such as Wonder and Power, while VE significantly predicted both positive and negative emotions, such as Tension and Nostalgia. We also found direct main and interaction effects of both segment and performance factors on all four emotion models. We believe these results support Scherer and Zentner’s model and show the importance of considering the interaction between compositional and instrumental texture when studying music-induced emotions.
Keywords EmotionEntrainmentPerformanceQuartetSelf reportStructureTexture
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Structures
Research groups Affective sciences
Neuroscience de l'émotion et dynamiques affectives (NEAD)
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LABBE RODRIGUEZ, Carolina, GLOWINSKI, Donald, GRANDJEAN, Didier Maurice. The effect of ensemble and solo performance on affective experiences induced by music. In: Psychology of Music, 2017, vol. 45, n° 4, p. 600-608. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:109587

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Deposited on : 2018-10-23

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