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Uninephrectomy and apical fluid shear stress decrease ENaC abundance in collecting duct principal cells

Published in AJP: Renal Physiolog. 2018, vol. 314, no. 5, p. F763-F772
Abstract Acute nephron reduction such as after living kidney donation may increase the risk of hypertension. Uninephrectomy induces major hemodynamic changes in the remaining kidney, resulting in rapid increase of single-nephron glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and fluid delivery in the distal nephron. Decreased sodium (Na) fractional reabsorption after the distal tubule has been reported after uninephrectomy in animals preserving volume homeostasis. In the present study, we thought to specifically explore the effect of unilateral nephrectomy on epithelial Na channel (ENaC) subunit expression in mice. We show that γ-ENaC subunit surface expression was specifically downregulated after uninephrectomy, whereas the expression of the aldosterone-sensitive α-ENaC and α1-Na-K-ATPase subunits as well as of kidney-specific Na-K-Cl cotransporter isoform and Na-Cl cotransporter were not significantly altered. Because acute nephron reduction induces a rapid increase of single-nephron GFR, resulting in a higher tubular fluid flow, we speculated that local mechanical factors such as fluid shear stress (FSS) were involved in Na reabsorption regulation after uninephrectomy. We further explore such hypothesis in an in vitro model of FSS applied on highly differentiated collecting duct principal cells. We found that FSS specifically downregulates β-ENaC and γ-ENaC subunits at the transcriptional level through an unidentified heat-insensitive paracrine basolateral factor. The primary cilium as a potential mechanosensor was not required. In contrast, protein kinase A and calcium-sensitive cytosolic phospholipase A2 were involved, but we could not demonstrate a role for cyclooxygenase or epoxygenase metabolites.
PMID: 28877879
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Research group Laboratoire de physiologie et pathophysiologie des cellules rénales (29)
Project FNS: 31003A_156736
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ERNANDEZ, Thomas et al. Uninephrectomy and apical fluid shear stress decrease ENaC abundance in collecting duct principal cells. In: AJP: Renal Physiolog, 2018, vol. 314, n° 5, p. F763-F772. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00200.2017 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:109586

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Deposited on : 2018-10-23

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