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Resting-State Networks of Adolescents Experiencing Depersonalization-Like Illusions: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Findings

Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo
Chan, Raymond
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Published in Schizophrenia bulletin. 2018
Abstract The mirror-gazing task (MGT) experimentally induces illusions, ranging from simple color changes in the specular image of oneself, to depersonalization-like anomalous self-experiences (ASE) as in experiencing one's specular image as someone else. The objective was to characterize how connectivity in resting-state networks (RSNs) differed in adolescents reporting such depersonalization-like ASEs during the MGT, in a cross-sectional (Y1) and in a longitudinal manner (a year after). 75 adolescents were recruited; for the cross-sectional analysis, participants were split into 2 groups: those who reported depersonalization-like ASEs on the MGT (ASE), and those who did not (NoASE). For the longitudinal analysis, participants were split into 3 groups whether they experienced MGT depersonalization-like ASEs: only at Y1 (Remitters), both times (Persisters), or never (Controls). Participants also filled out self-reports assessing schizotypal personality (Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire [SPQ]), and underwent resting-state functional MRI procedure (rs-fMRI). A group level Independent Component Analysis (ICA) was conducted and voxel-wise inter-group differences within RSNs were examined. The rs-fMRI analysis revealed lower connectivity of specific visual areas within the primary visual network (PVN), and higher connectivity of regions within the Default Mode Network (DMN) when contrasting the ASE and NoASE groups. The areas that were atypically connected within the PVN further presented differential pattern of connectivity in the longitudinal analysis. Atypical connectivity of visual area within the DMN at Y1 was associated with higher scores on the disorganized dimension of schizotypy at the second evaluation. The present study uncovers a subtle signature in the RSNs of non-clinical adolescents who experienced task-induced ASEs.
PMID: 29566227
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Research groups Emergence et expression de l'émotion (E3 Lab)
Groupe Lazeyras Francois (IRM fonctionnelle et métabolique) (539)
Laboratoire d'imagerie et de psychopathologie développementale (693)
Neuroimagerie du Sommeil et de la Cognition (832)
Traitement d'images médicales (893)
Unité de psychologie clinique développementale (UPCD)
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DEROME, Melodie et al. Resting-State Networks of Adolescents Experiencing Depersonalization-Like Illusions: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Findings. In: Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2018. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sby031 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:106659

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Deposited on : 2018-07-25

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