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Subthalamic nucleus stimulation affects orbitofrontal cortex in facial emotion recognition: a pet study

Le Jeune, F.
Biseul, I.
Fournier, S.
Sauleau, P.
Drapier, S.
Haegelen, C.
Drapier, D.
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Published in Brain. 2008, vol. 131, no. 6, p. 1599-1608
Abstract Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) in Parkinson's disease is thought to produce adverse events such as emotional disorders, and in a recent study, we found fear recognition to be impaired as a result. These changes have been attributed to disturbance of the STN's limbic territory and would appear to confirm that the negative emotion recognition network passes through the STN. In addition, it is now widely acknowledged that damage to the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), especially the right side, can result in impaired recognition of facial emotions (RFE). In this context, we hypothesized that this reduced recognition of fear is correlatedwithmodifications in the cerebral glucosemetabolismof the rightOFC.The objective of the present study was first, to reinforce our previous results by demonstrating reduced fear recognition in our Parkinson's disease patient group following STNDBS and, second, to correlate these emotional performances with glucose metabolism using 18FDG-PET. The 18FDG-PET and RFE tasks were both performed by a cohort of 13 Parkinson's disease patients 3 months before and 3 months after surgery for STN DBS. As predicted, we observed a significant reduction in fear recognition following surgery and obtained a positive correlation between these neuropsychological results and changes in glucose metabolism, especially in the right OFC. These results confirmthe role of the STNas a key basal ganglia structure in limbic circuits.
Keywords Subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation18FDG-PETParkinson's diseaseEmotion recognitionOrbitofrontalCortex
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LE JEUNE, F. et al. Subthalamic nucleus stimulation affects orbitofrontal cortex in facial emotion recognition: a pet study. In: Brain, 2008, vol. 131, n° 6, p. 1599-1608. doi: 10.1093/brain/awn084

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Deposited on : 2018-04-23

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