en
Scientific article
English

Seeing REDD: Reducing Emissions and Conserving Biodiversity by Avoiding Deforestation

Published inJournal of Sustainable Forestry, vol. 31, no. 1-2, p. 29-58
Publication date2012
Abstract

Protection of existing forests through Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD)—a system of providing incentives for reduced deforestation—has the potential to deliver both climate change mitigation and biodiversity conservation ben- efits. This article explores how these complementary environmental goals can be supported by international payments for ecosystem services (IPES) via the emerging global carbon market. REDD, through an IPES framework, offers an opportunity to “bundle” payments for reduced emissions with payments for biodiversity conservation in order to allow for cost-sharing between the mul- tiple beneficiaries of REDD. The article outlines two potential cost-sharing arrangements between carbon investors financing reduced emissions and the beneficiaries of biodiversity conser- vation provided by REDD. One scheme combines finances from general biodiversity beneficiaries as a whole with carbon invest- ments in REDD through a global “fund”; a second scheme matches payments from specific biodiversity beneficiaries with investments in REDD through a payment “partnership” between both groups. Each scheme falls on either end of a spectrum of opportunities for bundling payments for different environmental benefits into one investment in REDD. The discussion is intended to incite fur- ther dialogue on potential systems for implementing the emerging concept of bundling payments for ecosystem services.

Keywords
  • Biodiversity financing
  • REDD
  • Conservation
Affiliation Not a UNIGE publication
Citation (ISO format)
PETERSON, Annah L. et al. Seeing REDD: Reducing Emissions and Conserving Biodiversity by Avoiding Deforestation. In: Journal of Sustainable Forestry, 2012, vol. 31, n° 1-2, p. 29–58. doi: 10.1080/10549811.2011.565710
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal1054-9811
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