Human skeletal muscle has a voltage-gated proton current
|Published in||Neuromuscular Disorders. 1993, vol. 3, no. 5-6, p. 407-411|
|Abstract||A voltage-gated proton current, IH, was studied with the whole-cell patch-clamp technique in human myotubes obtained from biopsies of human muscle. Studies of the reversal potential of IH during substitution of K+, Na+, Ca2+, Cl-, Cs+, and H+ in the extracellular solution indicated that protons were the major charge carriers of IH. This current is similar in many respects, but not identical, to the proton currents already described in other cell types. IH is activated by depolarization and it can be affected by extracellular pH. IH can be blocked by external divalent cations including Ca2+. This block is voltage-dependent, being more efficient at hyperpolarized than at depolarized voltages. The voltage-dependent properties of IH and its ability to be affected by pH and extracellular Ca2+ suggest that IH might be used by muscle cells to extrude protons during action potentials.|
|Keywords||Aspartic Acid/pharmacology — Calcium/pharmacology — Cations, Divalent/pharmacology — Cations, Monovalent/pharmacology — Cells, Cultured — Child — Egtazic Acid/analogs & derivatives/pharmacology — Humans — Ion Channel Gating/drug effects — Ion Channels/drug effects/ physiology — Magnesium Chloride/pharmacology — Meglumine/pharmacology — Membrane Potentials/drug effects/physiology — Muscles/ physiology|
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