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Title

Electrical neuroimaging of single trials to identify laterality and brain regions involved in finger movements

Authors
Grave de Peralta, Rolando
Published in Journal of Physiology. 2009, vol. 103, no. 6, p. 324-32
Abstract Thought-controlled neuroprostheses could allow paralyzed patients to interact with the external world using brain waves. Thus far, the fastest and more accurate control of neuroprostheses is achieved through direct recordings of neural activity [Nicolelis, M.A., 2001. Actions from thoughts. Nature 409, 403-407; Donoghue, J.P., 2002. Connecting cortex to machines: recent advances in brain interfaces. Nat. Neurosci. 5 (Suppl.), 1085-1088]. However, invasive recordings have inherent medical risks. Here we discuss some approaches that could enhance the speed and accuracy of non-invasive devices, namely, (1) enlarging the spectral analysis to include higher frequency oscillations, able to transmit substantial information over short analysis windows; (2) using spectral analysis procedures that minimize the variance of the estimates; and (3) transforming EEG recorded activity into local field potential estimates (eLFP). Theoretical and experimental arguments are used to explain why it is erroneous to think that scalp EEG cannot sense high frequency oscillations and how this might hinders further developments. We further illustrate how non-invasive eLFPs derived from the scalp-recorded electroencephalogram (EEG) can be combined with robust, broad band spectral analysis to accurately detect (off-line) the laterality of upcoming hand movements. Interestingly, the use of pattern recognition to select the brain voxels differentially engaged by the explored tasks leads to sound neural activation images. Consequently, our results indicate that both research lines, i.e., neuroprosthetics and electrical neuroimaging, might effectively benefit from their mutual interaction.
Keywords Brain MappingCerebral Cortex/physiologyElectroencephalography/methodsEvoked Potentials/physiologyFingers/physiologyFunctional Laterality/physiologyHumansImage Processing, Computer-AssistedModels, NeurologicalMovement/physiologyNerve Net/physiologyOscillometryUser-Computer Interface
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:16074
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Identifiers
PMID: 19631271
Structures
Research group Groupe Gonzales Andino Sara (The electrical neuroimaging) (868)

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Deposited on : 2011-06-06

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