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Adult age differences and the role of cognitive resources in perceptual-motor skill acquisition: Application of a multilevel negative exponential model

Kennedy, Kristen M.
Rodrigue, Karen M.
Lindenberger, Ulman
Raz, Naftali
Published in Journals of Gerontology. B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 2010, vol. 65B, p. 163-173
Abstract The effects of advanced age and cognitive resources on the course of skill acquisition are unclear, and discrepancies among studies may reflect limitations of data-analytic approaches. We applied a multilevel negative exponential model to skill acquisition data from 80 trials (four 20-trial blocks) of a pursuit rotor task administered to healthy adults (19-80 years old). The analyses conducted at the single-trial level indicated that the negative exponential function described performance well. Learning parameters correlated with measures of taskrelevant cognitive resources on all blocks except the last, and with age on all blocks after the second. Thus, age differences in motor skill acquisition may evolve in two phases: In the first, age differences are collinear with individual differences in task-relevant cognitive resources; in the second, age differences orthogonal to these resources emerge.
Keywords AgingSkill acquisitionNegative exponential learning functionMultilevel modelPursuit rotorWorking memoryMotor performance
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:15817
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Research group Méthodologie et analyse des données (MAD)

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Deposited on : 2011-05-16

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