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Title

Non-destructive sol-gel immobilization of metal(salen) catalysts in silica aerogels and xerogels

Authors
Murphy, Eamonn F.
Schmid, Leo
Maciejewski, Marek
Baiker, Alfons
Günther, Detlef
Schneider, Michael
Published in Chemistry of Materials. 2001, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 1296-1304
Abstract Nondestructive immobilization of cobalt and copper Schiff base complexes in silica aero- and xerogels was achieved via the sol−gel method using a precursor N,N‘-ethylenebis(salicylidenaminato) (salen) ligand modified with pendant silyl ethoxy groups. Aerogels were obtained by semicontinuous extraction of the wet gels with supercritical CO2 and xerogels by conventional drying. Cobalt and copper(salen) containing silica gels were characterized by FTIR, UV−vis, and XPS spectroscopy, laser ablation-ICP-MS, and EPR studies. Aero- and xerogel incorporated salen compounds exhibited similar spectroscopic properties to cobalt/copper(salen) precursors and known metal(salen) compounds. BET measurements confirmed the importance of supercritical CO2 drying in maintaining the mesoporous structure of the aerogel. Laser ablation-ICP-MS and EPR studies of the aerogels showed that a uniform distribution of the isolated metal(salen) complex was achieved via molecular mixing using the sol−gel method. Stability of these materials was demonstrated by thermogravimetric analyses in air and leaching studies conducted under typical liquid-phase oxidation conditions. XPS analyses showed surface relative atomic concentrations in the modified gels to be similar before and following leaching studies.
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:14716
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Other version: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/cm001187w
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Deposited on : 2011-03-18

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