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Synthesis and spectroscopic identification of ethylidyne adsorbed on Ni(111)&perp

Trautman, T. R.
Haug, K. L.
Utz, A. L.
Ceyer, S. T.
Published in Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical. 1998, vol. 102, no. 25, p. 4952-4965
Abstract The interaction of ethylene adsorbed on Ni(111) with gas-phase H atoms has been investigated. The major adsorbed reaction product is identified by high-resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy to be ethylidyne (C−CH3). This study is the first direct spectroscopic observation of a C−CH3 species adsorbed on Ni in an ultrahigh-vacuum environment. Spectra of four isotopomers, C−CH3, 13C−13CH3, C−CD3, and 13C−13CD3, are reported, and a complete and consistent vibrational assignment of their fundamental modes is presented. Based on this assignment, a force field is derived from the measured vibrational frequencies using a normal-modes analysis and is found to be in good agreement with that deduced from IR spectra of an ethylidyne species in an organometallic complex. Inspection of the eigenvectors of the normal-mode displacements reveals that substantial mixing of harmonic bond motions is the origin of the unusual upshift in frequency of the C−C stretching mode upon deuteration. A quantitative determination of the relative dynamic bond dipole moments demonstrates that the changes in intensity and dipole activity of the C−C stretching and symmetric CH3 deformation modes upon deuteration, phenomena common to all C−CD3 spectra, also arise from extensive mixing of bond motions. A detailed analysis of the spectra strongly suggests a C3v or C3 local environment for ethylidyne and a 3-fold hollow adsorption site.
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:14648
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Deposited on : 2011-03-18

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