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Title

Conditional statistics of electron transport in interacting nanoscale conductors

Authors
Jordan, Andrew N.
Gustavsson, Simon
Leturcq, Renaud
Ihn, Thomas
Ensslin, Klaus
Published in Nature Physics. 2007, vol. 3, p. 16 p.
Abstract Interactions between nanoscale semiconductor structures form the basis for charge detectors in the solid state. Recent experimental advances have demonstrated the on-chip detection of single electron transport through a quantum dot (QD). The discreteness of charge in units of e leads to intrinsic fluctuations in the electrical current, known as shot noise. To measure these single-electron fluctuations a nearby coherent conductor, called a quantum point contact (QPC), interacts with the QD and acts as a detector. An important property of the QPC charge detector is noninvasiveness: the system physically affects the detector, not visa-versa. Here we predict that even for ideal noninvasive detectors such as the QPC, when a particular detector result is observed, the system suffers an informational backaction, radically altering the statistics of transport through the QD as compared to the unconditional shot noise. We develop a theoretical model to make predictions about the joint current probability distributions and conditional transport statistics. The experimental findings reported here demonstrate the reality of informational backaction in nanoscale systems as well as a variety of new effects, such as conditional noise enhancement, which are in essentially perfect agreement with our model calculations. This type of switching telegraph process occurs abundantly in nature, indicating that these results are applicable to a wide variety of systems.
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:12929
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Deposited on : 2010-12-17

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