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The potential of LC-NMR in phytochemical analysis

Published in Phytochemical Analysis. 2001, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 2-22
Abstract The coupling of high performance liquid chromatography with nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (LC-NMR) is one of the most powerful methods for the separation and structural elucidation of unknown compounds in mixtures. The recent progress in pulse field gradients and solvent suppression, the improvement in probe technology, and the construction of high held magnets have given a new stimulus to this technique, which has emerged since the mid 1990s as a very efficient method for the on-line identification of organic molecules. LC-NMR thus represents a potentially interesting complementary technique to LC-UV-MS in phytochemical analysis for the detailed on-line structural analysis of natural products. Recent applications have fully demonstrated the usefulness of this technique. A brief review of the applications of LC-NMR in natural product chemistry is presented in this paper, and a summary of the basic principles and modes of operation of LC-NMR is provided. Selected examples of LC-NMR analyses of plant metabolites in crude extracts or in enriched fractions are outlined and used to illustrate the different strategies for employing the technique. The practical possibilities and limitations of LC-MMR in its application to the analysis of crude plant extracts are discussed by means of several examples. Analytical strategies involving LC multi-coupled (hyphenated) techniques for the chemical screening and dereplication of crude plant extracts are presented. An analysis of the future development of the technique with respect to its application in photochemical analysis is also given. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Keywords Liquid chromatography-nuclear magnetic resonanceLc-coupled(hyphenated) techniquesDereplicationNatural productsCrude plant extractsNuclear-magnetic-resonancePerformance liquid-chromatographyCrude plant-extractsMass-spectrometryHplc-nmr meroterpenoidNaphthoquinonesStructure elucidationSolventSuppressionNatural-productsNanoliter scale
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