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Peripherally presented emotional scenes: a spatiotemporal analysis of early ERP responses

Rigoulot, Simon
Despretz, Pascal
Defoort-Dhellemmes, Sabine
Honoré, Jacques
Sequeira, Henrique
Published in Brain Topography. 2008, vol. 20, no. 4, p. 216-223
Abstract Recent findings from event-related potentials (ERPs) studies provided strong evidence that centrally presented emotional pictures could be used to assess affective processing. Moreover, several studies showed that emotionally charged stimuli may automatically attract attention even if these are not consciously identified. Indeed, such perceptive conditions can be compared to those typical of the peripheral vision, particularly known to have low spatial resolution capacities. The aim of the present study was to characterize at behavioral and neural levels the impact of emotional visual scenes presented in peripheral vision. Eighteen participants were asked to categorize neutral and unpleasant pictures presented at central (0 degrees ) and peripheral eccentricities (-30 and +30 degrees ) while ERPs were recorded from 63 electrodes. ERPs were analysed by means of spatio-temporal principal component analyses (PCA) in order to evaluate influences of the emotional content on ERP components for each spatial position (central vs. peripheral). Main results highlight that affective modulation of early ERP components exists for both centrally and peripherally presented pictures. These findings suggest that, for far peripheral eccentricities as for central vision, the brain engages specific resources to process emotional information.
Keywords AdolescentAdultAnalysis of VarianceAttention/physiologyBrain MappingElectroencephalographyEmotions/physiologyEvoked Potentials, Visual/physiologyFemaleHumansPhotic Stimulation/methodsPsychophysics/methodsReaction Time/physiologySpace Perception/physiologyTime FactorsVisual Fields/physiology
Stable URL http://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:11831
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PMID: 18335307
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