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Stem cell factor presentation to c-Kit. Identification of a basolateral targeting domain

Published in Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2001, vol. 276, no. 16, p. 12667-12674
Abstract Stem cell factor (also known as mast cell growth factor and kit-ligand) is a transmembrane growth factor with a highly conserved cytoplasmic domain. Basolateral membrane expression in epithelia and persistent cell surface exposure of stem cell factor are required for complete biological activity in pigmentation, fertility, learning, and hematopoiesis. Here we show by site-directed mutagenesis that the cytoplasmic domain of stem cell factor contains a monomeric leucine-dependent basolateral targeting signal. N-terminal to this motif, a cluster of acidic amino acids serves to increase the efficiency of basolateral sorting mediated by the leucine residue. Hence, basolateral targeting of stem cell factor requires a mono-leucine determinant assisted by a cluster of acidic amino acids. This mono-leucine determinant is functionally conserved in colony-stimulating factor-1, a transmembrane growth factor related to stem cell factor. Furthermore, this leucine motif is not capable of inducing endocytosis, allowing for persistent cell surface expression of stem cell factor. In contrast, the mutated cytoplasmic tail found in the stem cell factor mutant Mgf(Sl17H) induces constitutive endocytosis by a motif that is related to signals for endocytosis and lysosomal targeting. Our findings therefore present mono-leucines as a novel type of protein sorting motif for transmembrane growth factors.
Keywords Amino Acid SequenceAnimalsCell LineCell Membrane/ metabolismChickensConsensus SequenceDogsEndocytosisGreen Fluorescent ProteinsLeucineLuminescent Proteins/analysis/geneticsLysosomes/drug effects/physiologyMiceMolecular Sequence DataMutationProto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/ metabolismRecombinant Fusion Proteins/metabolismSequence AlignmentSequence Homology, Amino AcidSignal TransductionStem Cell Factor/chemistry/ genetics/ metabolismTransfectionUrodela
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PMID: 11152680
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