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The golgi-associated COPI-coated buds and vesicles contain beta/gamma -actin

Valderrama, F.
Luna, A.
Babia, T.
Martinez-Menarguez, J. A.
Ballesta, J.
Barth, H.
Renau-Piqueras, J.
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Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2000, vol. 97, no. 4, p. 1560-1565
Abstract It has been shown previously that the morphology and subcellular positioning of the Golgi complex is controlled by actin microfilaments. To further characterize the association between actin microfilaments and the Golgi complex, we have used the Clostridium botulinum toxins C2 and C3, which specifically inhibit actin polymerization and cause depolymerization of F-actin in intact cells by the ADP ribosylation of G-actin monomers and the Rho small GTP-binding protein, respectively. Normal rat kidney cells treated with C2 showed that disruption of the actin and the collapse of the Golgi complex occurred concomitantly. However, when cells were treated with C3, the actin disassembly was observed without any change in the organization of the Golgi complex. The absence of the involvement of Rho was further confirmed by the treatment with lysophosphatidic acid or microinjection with the constitutively activated form of RhoA, both of which induced the stress fiber formation without affecting the Golgi complex. Immunogold electron microscopy in normal rat kidney cells revealed that beta- and gamma-actin isoforms were found in Golgi-associated COPI-coated buds and vesicles. Taken together, the results suggest that the Rho signaling pathway does not directly regulate Golgi-associated actin microfilaments, and that beta- and gamma-actins might be involved in the formation and/or transport of Golgi-derived vesicular or tubular intermediates.
Keywords ADP Ribose Transferases/pharmacologyActins/ metabolismAdenosine Diphosphate Ribose/metabolismAnimalsBotulinum Toxins/pharmacologyCells, CulturedCoat Protein Complex I/ metabolismFluorescent Antibody TechniqueGolgi Apparatus/drug effects/ metabolismMicroinjectionsMicroscopy, ImmunoelectronRatsSignal Transductionrho GTP-Binding Proteins/metabolism
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PMID: 10677499
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