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The bare lymphocyte syndrome and the regulation of MHC expression

Published in Annual Review of Immunology. 2001, vol. 19, p. 331-373
Abstract The bare lymphocyte syndrome (BLS) is a hereditary immunodeficiency resulting from the absence of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII) expression. Considering the central role of MHCII molecules in the development and activation of CD4(+) T cells, it is not surprising that the immune system of the patients is severely impaired. BLS is the prototype of a "disease of gene regulation." The affected genes encode RFXANK, RFX5, RFXAP, and CIITA, four regulatory factors that are highly specific and essential for MHCII genes. The first three are subunits of RFX, a trimeric complex that binds to all MHCII promoters. CIITA is a non-DNA-binding coactivator that functions as the master control factor for MHCII expression. The study of RFX and CIITA has made major contributions to our comprehension of the molecular mechanisms controlling MHCII genes and has made this system into a textbook model for the regulation of gene expression.
Keywords AnimalsDNA-Binding Proteins/deficiency/genetics/ physiologyDisease SusceptibilityGene Expression Regulation/ immunologyGenes, MHC Class IIGenes, RecessiveGenetic Complementation TestGenetic HeterogeneityHistocompatibility Antigens Class II/ biosynthesis/genetics/immunologyHumansMacromolecular SubstancesMiceMice, KnockoutModels, AnimalModels, ImmunologicalNuclear ProteinsPromoter Regions, GeneticProtein SubunitsSevere Combined Immunodeficiency/genetics/ immunologyTrans-Activators/deficiency/genetics/ physiologyTranscription Factors/deficiency/genetics/ physiologyTranscriptional Activation
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PMID: 11244040
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