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Tubular up-regulation of clusterin mRNA in murine lupus-like nephritis

Menoud, P. A.
French, L.
Pastore, Yves
Schifferli, J. A.
Published in American Journal of Pathology. 1998, vol. 152, no. 4, p. 953-962
Abstract Clusterin, a widely distributed glycoprotein, is detected in most tissues and in numerous physiological fluids. In the kidney, this protein is constitutively expressed in tubular epithelial cells, and its expression is enhanced following tubular injuries. In addition, clusterin has been detected in glomerular immune deposits of glomerulonephritis. The present study was designed to define the sites of clusterin mRNA accumulation in murine lupus-like nephritis in comparison with murine tubulopathies. In lupus-like nephritis, a significant increase of clusterin mRNA abundance was demonstrated. This up-regulation was localized exclusively in tubular epithelial cells exhibiting tubulointerstitial alterations, whereas no clusterin mRNA was detectable in diseased glomeruli, excluding an active synthesis of clusterin by glomerular cells. A similar tubular increase of clusterin mRNA abundance was observed in myeloma-like cast nephropathy induced by IgG3 monoclonal cryoglobulins and even in the absence of any detectable histological alterations in a model of septic shock induced by the injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharides. Our results suggest that tubular epithelial cells are the only sites of clusterin mRNA accumulation during the course of lupus-like nephritis and that the tubular up-regulation of clusterin gene expression may reflect the cellular response to various types of tubular injuries.
Keywords AnimalsClusterinComplement Inactivator Proteins/metabolismFemaleGene Expression RegulationGlycoproteins/ metabolismHeymann Nephritis Antigenic ComplexImmunoglobulin G/adverse effectsIn Situ HybridizationKidney Diseases/chemically induced/ metabolism/pathologyKidney Glomerulus/immunology/metabolism/pathologyKidney Tubular Necrosis, Acute/chemically induced/metabolism/pathologyKidney Tubules/ metabolism/pathologyLipopolysaccharides/adverse effectsLupus Vulgaris/ metabolism/pathologyMaleMembrane Glycoproteins/metabolismMiceMice, Inbred BALB CMice, Inbred C57BLMice, Inbred StrainsMolecular ChaperonesNephritis/chemically induced/ metabolism/pathologyNerve Tissue Proteins/metabolismRNA, Messenger/analysis
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PMID: 9546356
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