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Differential control of CD22 ligand expression on B and T lymphocytes, and enhanced expression in murine systemic lupus

Fossati-Jimack, Liliane
Martinez-Soria, Eduardo
Law, C. L.
Published in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2003, vol. 48, no. 6, p. 1612-1621
Abstract OBJECTIVE: CD22, a B cell-restricted transmembrane glycoprotein, regulates B cell antigen receptor signaling upon interaction with alpha2,6-linked sialic acid-bearing glycans, which act as ligands and are expressed on B and T cells. In this study, we investigated how the expression of CD22 ligand (CD22L) is modulated following lymphocyte activation or during the course of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: The expression levels of CD22L on B and T cells in nonautoimmune mice were assessed by flow cytometric analysis using a soluble recombinant form of CD22, following stimulation with antigen or mitogen in vitro. In addition, the expression levels of CD22L on circulating lymphocytes were correlated with the progression of SLE in lupus-prone mice. RESULTS: We observed a constitutive expression of CD22L on mature B cells, but not T cells, in nonautoimmune mice. However, CD22L levels were up-regulated selectively on T cells (but not B cells) stimulated with antigens in vitro, while their expression levels on B cells was up-modulated following polyclonal activation with lipopolysaccharide. Furthermore, expression of CD22L was increased on circulating B cells (and to a lesser extent on T cells) in parallel with progression of SLE in several different lupus-prone mice and in a cohort of (C57BL/6 x [NZB x C57BL/6.Yaa]F(1)) backcross mice. CONCLUSION: The expression of CD22L is differentially regulated in B and T cells, and high expression of CD22L on circulating B cells is a marker for development of severe SLE, suggesting a role for CD22-CD22L interactions in SLE as well as in the regulation of humoral immunity.
Keywords AnimalsAntigens, CD/ metabolismAntigens, CD22Antigens, Differentiation, B-Lymphocyte/ metabolismB-Lymphocytes/ metabolismCell Adhesion MoleculesCells, CulturedDisease Models, AnimalFemaleFlow CytometryLectins/ metabolismLigandsLupus Erythematosus, Systemic/ metabolism/mortality/pathologyLupus Nephritis/metabolism/mortality/pathologyLymphocyte ActivationMaleMiceMice, Inbred BALB CMice, TransgenicReceptors, Antigen, B-Cell/ metabolismRecombinant ProteinsSpleen/cytology/immunologySurvival RateT-Lymphocytes/ metabolismUp-Regulation
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PMID: 12794829
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