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A transgenic mouse model of autoimmune glomerulonephritis and necrotizing arteritis associated with cryoglobulinemia

Pastore, Yves
Fossati-Jimack, Liliane
Yoshida, Haruyoshi
Fulpius, Thierry
Araki, Kimi
Takahashi, Satoru
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Published in Journal of Immunology. 2002, vol. 169, no. 8, p. 4644-4650
Abstract Mice implanted with hybridoma secreting 6-19 IgG3 anti-IgG2a rheumatoid factor (RF) with cryoglobulin activity develop acute glomerulonephritis and cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis. As the RF activity is implicated in the skin, but not glomerular lesions, it is still unclear whether the renal pathogenicity is determined by 6-19 H chains alone or their combination with L chains. To address this question, we have generated transgenic mice expressing only the H chain gene or both H and L chain genes of the 6-19 IgG3 anti-IgG2a RF and determined the development of glomerular and vascular lesions. H-single and H/L-double transgenic mice displayed comparable high amounts of IgG3 cryoglobulins, but only H/L-double transgenic mice having 10-fold higher levels of IgG3 anti-IgG2a RF progressively developed chronic, lethal glomerulonephritis. The severe glomerular lesions observed at 8-10 mo of age were very heterogeneous (membranoproliferative changes, crescents, and sclerosis); in addition, one-third of them had necrotizing arteritis in the kidneys and skeletal muscles. These renal and vascular changes were very different from those observed in the acute cryoglobulinemia, characterized by mainly "wire-loop" glomerular lesions and a cutaneous leukocytoclastic form of vasculitis. Thus, our data demonstrate the importance of a unique combination of the H and L chains for the expression of the pathogenic activity of IgG3 cryoglobulins and that a single autoantibody is able to induce different types of glomerular and vascular complications, depending on its production levels and kinetics.
Keywords AnimalsAntibodies, Anti-Idiotypic/biosynthesisArteritis/genetics/ immunology/pathologyAutoantibodies/biosynthesisAutoimmune Diseases/genetics/ immunology/pathologyCryoglobulinemia/genetics/ immunology/pathologyDisease Models, AnimalGlomerulonephritis/genetics/ immunology/pathologyHybridomas/immunology/secretion/transplantationImmunoglobulin G/biosynthesis/genetics/immunologyImmunoglobulin Heavy Chains/geneticsImmunoglobulin Light Chains/geneticsInjections, IntraperitonealMiceMice, Inbred C57BLMice, Inbred DBAMice, Inbred MRL lprMice, TransgenicNecrosisRheumatoid Factor/genetics/immunologyVasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous/genetics/immunology
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PMID: 12370404
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