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A fish oil diet rich in eicosapentaenoic acid reduces cyclooxygenase metabolites, and suppresses lupus in MRL-lpr mice

Kelley, V. E.
Ferretti, A.
Strom, T. B.
Published in Journal of Immunology. 1985, vol. 134, no. 3, p. 1914-1919
Abstract Dietary supplementation of fish oil as the exclusive source of lipid suppresses autoimmune lupus in MRL-lpr mice. This marine oil diet decreases the lymphoid hyperplasia regulated by the lpr gene, prevents an increase in macrophage surface Ia expression, reduces the formation of circulating retroviral gp70 immune complexes, delays the onset of renal disease, and prolongs survival. We show that a fatty acid component uniquely present in fish oil but not in vegetable oil decreases the quantity of dienoic prostaglandin E, thromboxane B, and prostacyclin normally synthesized by multiple tissues, including kidney, lung, and macrophages, and promotes the synthesis of small amounts of trienoic prostaglandin in autoimmune mice. We suggest that this change in endogenous cyclooxygenase metabolite synthesis directly suppresses immunologic and/or inflammatory mediators of murine lupus.
Keywords AnimalsDinoprostoneFatty Acids, Unsaturated/ administration & dosageFemaleFish Oils/ administration & dosageHistocompatibility Antigens Class II/analysisHumansImmunosuppressive Agents/ administration & dosageLupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diet therapy/immunology/ metabolism/pathologyLymphocyte Activation/drug effectsMacrophages/immunology/metabolismMaleMiceMice, Mutant StrainsOils/administration & dosageProstaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/ metabolismProstaglandins E/biosynthesisProteinuria/diet therapySafflower Oil/administration & dosageThromboxane B2/biosynthesis
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PMID: 3918111
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