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Long-term observations of autoimmune-prone mice treated for autoimmune disease by allogeneic bone marrow transplantation

Ikehara, S.
Yasumizu, R.
Inaba, M.
Hayakawa, K.
Sekita, K.
Toki, J.
Sugiura, K.
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Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 1989, vol. 86, no. 9, p. 3306-3310
Abstract Long-term effects of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) across major histocompatibility complex barriers were studied in (NZB x NZW)F1 (B/W), BXSB, and MRL/Mr-lpr-lpr (MRL/lpr) mice with established autoimmune disease at the time of ABMT. In the BXSB or B/W mice, ABMT cured all aspects of autoimmune disease. Glomerular damage, revealed by histological study was dramatically improved. Serological abnormalities and immunologic functions also were normalized. Correction of autoimmune disease and advanced renal disease in BXSB and B/W mice regularly lasted greater than 5-6 mo and even 1 yr after ABMT. In the MRL/lpr mice, however, autoimmune and renal disease at first improved but then recurred after ABMT, apparently because of intolerance of mice for high doses of irradiation and a high degree of resistance of recipient stem cells to irradiation. In this model, H-2 typing revealed that by the time of relapse, immunocompetent cells of the chimeric mice had been replaced by host (MRL/lpr; H-2k) cells. B220+ Ly-1+ cells, present in increased numbers in untreated MRL/lpr mice, initially returned to normal levels after ABMT but then reappeared in the MRL/lpr mice that had received marrow from donors having few such lymphocytes. Thus, our results show that MRL/lpr mice possess abnormal radioresistant stem cells and provide impressive evidence that the origin of autoimmune diseases in this strain, as in the several other strains studied, residues in abnormalities present in stem cells.
Keywords AnimalsAntigens, Ly/analysisAutoimmune Diseases/immunology/pathology/ therapyB-Lymphocytes/immunologyBone Marrow/immunology/radiation effectsBone Marrow TransplantationChimeraComplement C3/analysisCytotoxicity Tests, ImmunologicFemaleImmunoglobulin G/analysisInterleukin-2/biosynthesisKidney/immunology/pathologyMaleMiceMice, Inbred BALB CMice, Inbred C3HMice, Inbred C57BLMice, Inbred NZBMice, NudeRecurrenceT-Lymphocytes/immunologyT-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/immunologyWhole-Body Irradiation
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PMID: 2654943
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