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The autoimmune accelerating yaa mutation does not accelerate murine AIDS
|Published in||Cellular Immunology. 2000, vol. 200, no. 2, p. 76-80|
|Abstract||Murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) is characterized by lymphoproliferation, polyclonal B cell activation resulting in the production of autoantibodies, and a progressive immunodeficiency. These are all hallmarks of some autoimmune diseases. Yaa is a Y-chromosome-linked gene that accelerates autoimmune diseases in some autoimmune-prone strains of mice. To further elucidate a possible relationship with autoimmunity, the effect of the Yaa gene on MAIDS was investigated. Analysis of phenotypic and functional disease parameters revealed that Yaa does not accelerate MAIDS disease. This is probably due to the generalized activation of most or all lymphoid cells in MAIDS, which cannot be enhanced by the Yaa gene. This result is in accordance with the selective enhancing effect of the Yaa gene on the immune response against self and foreign antigens in a specific genetic background. It suggests that the autoimmune response associated with MAIDS is a secondary phenomenon. Interestingly, even in wild-type C57BL/6 mice, autoantibody production may contribute overproportionally to the hypergammaglobulinemia associated with MAIDS.|
|Keywords||Animals — Antibodies, Antinuclear/immunology — Antigens, Thy-1/immunology — Autoimmunity/ genetics — B-Lymphocytes/immunology — Cell Line — Cells, Cultured — DNA, Single-Stranded/immunology — Mice — Mice, Inbred C57BL — Mice, Mutant Strains — Murine Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/genetics/ immunology/physiopathology — Mutation — Spleen/cytology — Y Chromosome/ immunology|