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Parathyroid hormone-related protein increases cAMP production in mammary epithelial cells

Bonjour, J. P.
Published in American Journal of Physiology. 1993, vol. 264, no. 3 Pt 1, p. E471-475
Abstract Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a major cause of malignant hypercalcemia but has been found in many nontumoral tissues as well. Thus it is produced by the mammary gland during lactation and released into milk. Whether PTHrP directly affects breast tissue is however not known. We investigated the effects of PTHrP on adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) production in primary cultures of mammary epithelial cells isolated from lactating rats. On the 7th day in culture, synthetic PTHrP-(1-34), recombinant (r) PTHrP-(1-108), and rPTHrP-(1-141) stimulated cAMP production in a concentration-dependent manner. Thus PTHrP-(1-34) induced a 1.92 +/- 0.04-fold stimulation of cAMP production (mean +/- SE, n = 5 separate experiments, P < 0.001). At the time of maximal responsiveness to PTHrP, a significant proportion of the cells was characterized by an elongated shape and a positive immunofluorescent staining for both prekeratin and alpha-smooth muscle actin 1, compatible with a myoepithelial phenotype. It therefore appears that PTHrP can stimulate the production of cAMP in mammary cells, suggesting a possible autocrine/paracrine regulatory function for PTHrP in breast tissue.
Keywords AnimalsCells, CulturedCyclic AMP/ metabolismEpithelial CellsEpithelium/metabolismFemaleFluorescent Antibody TechniqueMammary Glands, Animal/ cytology/ metabolismParathyroid Hormone-Related ProteinPeptide Fragments/pharmacologyPhenotypeProteins/pharmacologyRatsRats, Wistar
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Other version: http://ajpendo.physiology.org/cgi/reprint/264/3/E471.pdf
PMID: 8384793
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