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A rabbit Ig lambda L chain C region gene encoding C21 allotopes

Duvoisin, R. M.
Hayzer, D. J.
Jaton, J. C.
Published in Journal of Immunology. 1988, vol. 141, no. 5, p. 1596-1601
Abstract Southern blot analyses of germ-line DNA obtained from rabbits expressing lambda chains of C7 and/or C21 allotypes were performed with a rabbit C lambda region-specific probe; a 12-kbp EcoRI- and a 2-kbp BamHI-hybridizing fragment were detected only in the DNA from rabbits expressing the C21 allotype. The 12-kbp EcoRI fragment was cloned and shown to contain two C lambda region-encoding genes in the same orientation. Each is preceded by a J lambda gene segment. Nonamer-12-bp spacer-heptamer recombination signal sequences were found 5' of each J lambda segment, and splicing signals were identified at the 3' ends of the J lambda segments and the 5' ends of the corresponding C lambda genes. The C lambda 5 gene, which exhibits a sequence identical with that found in several cDNA clones, is carried by the 2-kbp BamHI fragment missing from the genomic DNA of rabbits which do not express the C21 allotype. The second C lambda gene, C lambda 6, lies 3' of C lambda 5, in a 1.6-kbp BamHI fragment which is present in genomic DNAs of all tested rabbits, irrespective of their phenotype. Its sequence is identical with that found in one cDNA clone and differs from that of C lambda 5 in 17 base positions resulting in four amino acid substitutions. A fragment of a cDNA, with a J-C region sequence identical with that encoded by the J lambda 5-C lambda 5 gene pair, was subcloned into a plasmid expression vector. The resulting polypeptide product could be specifically immunoprecipitated by anti-C21 but not anti-C7 alloantisera, showing that some, if not all, C21 allotopes are encoded by the C lambda 5 gene. In contrast, the C lambda 6 gene product was not precipitable, either by anti-C7 or by anti-C21 alloantisera, although it was readily immunoprecipitated by a goat anti-rabbit lambda chain antiserum.
Keywords Amino Acid SequenceAnimalsBase SequenceCloning, MolecularDNA/isolation & purificationDNA Transposable ElementsEscherichia coli/geneticsGenes, ImmunoglobulinImmunoassayImmunoglobulin Allotypes/ genetics/immunologyImmunoglobulin Constant Regions/ geneticsImmunoglobulin Joining Region/geneticsImmunoglobulin lambda-Chains/ geneticsIsoantibodiesLiver/analysisMolecular Sequence DataPhenotypePrecipitin TestsRabbitsRecombinant Fusion Proteins/isolation & purification
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PMID: 2842399
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