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Unavailability of CD147 leads to selective erythrocyte trapping in the spleen

Coste, I.
Gauchat, J. F.
Wilson, A.
Jeannin, P.
Delneste, Y.
MacDonald, H. R.
Bonnefoy, J. Y.
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Published in Blood. 2001, vol. 97, no. 12, p. 3984-3988
Abstract Adhesive interactions with stromal cells and the extracellular matrix are essential for the differentiation and migration of hematopoietic progenitors. In the erythrocytic lineage, a number of adhesion molecules are expressed in the developing erythrocytes and are thought to play a role in the homing and maturation of erythrocytic progenitors. However, many of these molecules are lost during the final developmental stages leading to mature erythrocytes. One of the adhesion molecules that remains expressed in mature, circulating erythrocytes is CD147. This study shows that blockade of this molecule on the cell surface by treatment with F(ab')(2) fragments of anti-CD147 monoclonal antibody disrupts the circulation of erythrocytes, leading to their selective trapping in the spleen. Consequently, mice develop an anemia, and de novo, erythropoietin-mediated erythropoiesis in the spleen. In contrast, these changes were not seen in mice similarly treated with another antierythrocyte monoclonal antibody with a different specificity. These results suggest that the CD147 expressed on erythrocytes likely plays a critical role in the recirculation of mature erythrocytes from the spleen into the general circulation. (Blood. 2001;97:3984-3988)
Keywords AnimalsAntibodies, Monoclonal/pharmacologyAntigens, CDAntigens, CD147Antigens, NeoplasmAntigens, SurfaceAvian ProteinsBlood ProteinsCell Movement/ drug effectsErythrocytes/cytology/ drug effectsErythropoiesis/drug effectsHematocritMembrane Glycoproteins/immunology/ pharmacology/physiologyMiceMice, Inbred StrainsOrgan Size/drug effectsPhlebotomySpleen/ cytologyTime Factors
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PMID: 11389044
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