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Loss of expression of the beta subunit of soluble guanylyl cyclase prevents nitric oxide-mediated inhibition of DNA synthesis in smooth muscle cells of old rats

Chen, L.
Daum, G.
Fischer, J. W.
Hawkins, S.
Clowes, A. W.
Published in Circulation Research. 2000, vol. 86, no. 5, p. 520-525
Abstract We compared the effects of NO donors and cGMP analogues on the growth of aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) derived from newborn, adult (aged 3 months), and old (aged 2 years) rats. We found that the NO donor S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine failed to block DNA synthesis in SMCs from old rats but was effective in SMCs from newborn and adult rats. However, cGMP analogues were inhibitory in all 3 SMC types. We demonstrated that in SMCs from old rats, NO was unable to increase the concentration of intracellular cGMP, suggesting that either cGMP synthesis was defective or cGMP degradation was enhanced. Western blot analysis revealed that SMCs from old rats do not express the beta subunit of soluble guanylyl cyclase. To confirm the importance of this observation in vivo, we balloon-injured the carotid arteries of adult and old rats. Whereas soluble guanylyl cyclase was expressed at the same level in the media of injured vessels and uninjured vessels of both groups, its expression in the intimas of old rats was reduced by 70% compared with intimas from adult animals. Furthermore, N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine, an inhibitor of NO synthesis, enhanced the intimal thickening in injured vessels in adult rats but not in old rats. We conclude that the loss of NO responsiveness in aged rats is due to the lack of the beta subunit of soluble guanylyl cyclase, and we speculate that this defect contributes to the enhanced intimal thickening in response to injury in old animals.
Keywords Aging/ metabolismAngioplasty, Balloon/adverse effectsAnimalsAorta/cytologyCarotid Artery Injuries/enzymology/pathologyCells, CulturedCyclic GMP/metabolismCyclic GMP-Dependent Protein KinasesDNA/biosynthesisEnzyme Inhibitors/pharmacologyGuanylate Cyclase/ genetics/ metabolismHyperplasia/metabolismMaleMuscle, Smooth, Vascular/cytology/ enzymology/injuriesNitric Oxide/ metabolismNitric Oxide Donors/pharmacologyNitroarginine/pharmacologyPenicillamine/analogs & derivatives/pharmacologyProtein Kinases/metabolismRatsRats, Inbred F344Signal Transduction/physiologySolubilityTunica Intima/cytology/enzymology/injuries
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Other version: http://circres.ahajournals.org/cgi/reprint/86/5/520.pdf
PMID: 10720413
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