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Genes predisposing to autoimmunity augment constitutive major histocompatibility complex class II-associated presentation of the self-antigen IgG2a in vivo

Bartnes, K.
Li, X.
Iwamoto, Masahiro
Hannestad, K.
Published in Immunology. 2000, vol. 100, no. 4, p. 455-461
Abstract The self-antigen IgG2ab is poorly presented to a gamma2ab 435-451-reactive I-Ad-restricted T-cell hybridoma unless available in high concentrations or targeted to Fcgamma- or complement receptors. Environmental factors, probably the extent of microbial challenge, profoundly influence the constitutive gamma2ab/I-Ad presentation in IgCHb, H-2d mice. Here we report also a strong genetic impact. Constitutive presentation was highly efficient in spleen and thymus of (NZB x BXSB)F1 mice, which inherit a predisposition to develop lupus. Presentation correlated with disease progression and the serum levels of IgG2ab and IgG2ab complement factor 3 complexes. The finding that constitutive presentation was by far most efficient in males indicated that it was augmented by the Y chromosome-linked autoimmune acceleration Yaa gene. In line with previous data for healthy mice, constitutive gamma2ab/I-Ad presentation was most pronounced in the adherent spleen cell fraction and improved by further enrichment for dendritic cells. Notably, however, whereas in normal mice the gamma2ab determinant was undetectable on B cells lacking surface IgG2ab, such B cells contributed considerably to constitutive presentation in (NZB x BXSB)F1 hybrids. Presumably this resulted from complement receptor-mediated internalization of IgG2ab-containing immune complexes formed in lupus. These data add to the evidence that B cells with self-reactive receptors, known to exist in the mature repertoire, may present non-cognate foreign antigen to anti-foreign helper T lymphocytes and thus differentiate into autoantibody-secreting cells, and might likewise account for the polyclonal B-cell activation characteristic of several autoimmune syndromes.
Keywords AnimalsAntigen Presentation/geneticsAutoantigens/ immunologyAutoimmune Diseases/immunologyAutoimmunity/ geneticsFemaleGenetic Predisposition to DiseaseHistocompatibility Antigens Class II/ immunologyImmunoglobulin G/ immunologyLupus Erythematosus, Systemic/ genetics/immunologyMaleMiceMice, Inbred NZBMice, Inbred StrainsSpleen/immunology
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PMID: 10929072
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