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The genes for MHC class II regulatory factors RFX1 and RFX2 are located on the short arm of chromosome 19

Pugliatti, L.
Derre, J.
Berger, R.
Ucla, C.
Published in Genomics. 1992, vol. 13, no. 4, p. 1307-1310
Abstract RFX1 is a transacting DNA-binding regulatory factor involved in the control of MHC class II gene expression. RFX2 is a structurally very similar protein with identical DNA binding features. A member of the family of RFX factors is affected in an autosomal recessive disease, MHC class II deficient combined immunodeficiency (CID), caused by a defect in a trans-acting regulatory factor controlling MHC class II gene expression. In situ hybridization with 3H-labeled RFX1 cDNA has allowed us to identify two distinct targets on the short arm of chromosome 19 (19p13.1 and 19p13.2-p13.3). With the use of biotinylated genomic cosmid clones specific for RFX1 and RFX2, respectively, it was then possible to localize RFX1 at 19p13.1 and RFX2 at 19p13.2-p13.3. These two regulatory genes are thus assigned to a region of high gene density and RFX1 is close to another DNA-binding factor, LYL1.
Keywords Chromosome MappingChromosomes, Human, Pair 19DnaDNA-Binding Proteins/ geneticsGene Expression RegulationGenes, MHC Class IIHumansKaryotypingMetaphaseNucleic Acid HybridizationTranscription Factors/ genetics/metabolism
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PMID: 1505960
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