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Effects of parturition, suckling and pseudopregnancy on variables of disease activity in the B/W mouse model of systemic lupus erythematosus

McMurray, R. W.
Keisler, D.
Walker, S. E.
Published in Journal of Rheumatology. 1993, vol. 20, no. 7, p. 1143-1151
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The pituitary hormone, prolactin, accelerates systemic lupus erythematosus in NZB/NZW F1 (B/W) mice. Our study evaluated disease activity in B/W females experiencing the physiologic hyperprolactinemia of mating, pregnancy, suckling, and pseudopregnancy. METHODS: Nonsuckling postpartum, suckling and pseudopregnant mice were compared to virgin females. Serum prolactin, anti-DNA antibodies (anti-DNA), gp70-anti-gp70 immune complexes, IgM, IgG, albuminuria, and renal function were monitored serially. RESULTS: Females that whelped 2 litters had apparent stimulation of anti-DNA; those that suckled their young had similar premature appearance of anti-DNA as well as delayed, but marked, hypergammaglobulinemia. Pseudopregnant mice, which characteristically secrete repeated surges of prolactin, had significant acceleration of multiple variables of disease activity. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy, parturition and suckling did not immediately accelerate lupus in B/W dams, and longevity was not affected in females that had borne litters. Pseudopregnancy was the most effective stimulator of variables of autoimmunity.
Keywords Albuminuria/physiopathologyAnimalsAnimals, Suckling/ physiologyAntibodies, Antinuclear/analysisAntigen-Antibody Complex/analysisAutoimmunityBlood Urea NitrogenDisease Models, AnimalFemaleHypergammaglobulinemia/blood/physiopathologyImmunoglobulin G/analysisImmunoglobulin M/analysisKidney/physiologyLabor, Obstetric/ physiologyLongevityLupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology/ physiopathologyMaleMiceMice, Inbred NZBMice, Inbred StrainsPregnancyProlactin/blood/physiologyPseudopregnancy/ physiopathologySeverity of Illness Index
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PMID: 8371207
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