Role of neutrophils in murine cryoglobulinemia
|Published in||Inflammation Research. 1998, vol. 47, no. Suppl 3, p. S145-150|
|Abstract||Murine IgG3 anti-IgG2a rheumatoid factor (RF) monoclonal antibodies (mAb) with cryoglobulin activity, are able to induce, in normal mice, skin leukocytoclastic vasculitis and lupus-like glomerulonephritis resembling 'wire-loop' lesions (subendothelial immune deposits). The development of glomerular, but not skin, lesions in immunoglobulin-deficient mice (lacking the corresponding IgG2a autoantigen) receiving IgG3 RF cryoglobulins indicates that the RF activity of IgG3 monoclonal cryoglobulins and subsequent formation of IgG3-IgG2a immune complexes play a critical role in the development of skin vasculitis. In contrast, nephritogenic activity is solely contributed by IgG3-associated cryoglobulin activity. Polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration is one of the major pathologic changes observed in both types of lesions. Treatment with mAbs against the adhesion molecules leukocyte function-associated antigen 1 (LFA-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) (both known for their involvement in PMN-endothelial cell interaction) inhibits the development of skin vascular lesions. However, it has no effect on the generation of glomerulonephritis. Apparently, adhesion molecule requirements for PMN interaction with glomerular capillary endothelial cells are different from those for PMN infiltration of the skin. However, the PMN depletion experiment has clearly shown that PMNs play an active role in the development of 'wire-loop' glomerular lesions. In the absence of the glomerular PMN infiltration, IgG3 RF cryoglobulins induce a different type of glomerular lesion, characterized by voluminous intracapillary thrombi and mesangial deposits, yet lacking subendothelial deposits. This is consistent with the fact that the latter lesions can be induced by certain IgG3 mAbs, which are unable to provoke glomerular PMN infiltration. Finally, the activation of the complement system does not appear to play a major role in either skin or glomerular lesions induced by IgG3 RF cryoglobulins.|
|Keywords||Animals — Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic/immunology — Antibodies, Monoclonal — Antigen-Antibody Complex — Cryoglobulinemia/ immunology — Glomerulonephritis/immunology/pathology — Hybridomas/immunology — Immunoglobulin G/immunology — Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/immunology — Leukocytes/pathology — Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1/immunology — Mice — Mice, Inbred BALB C — Neutrophils/pathology/ physiology — Rats — Rheumatoid Factor/immunology — Skin/blood supply — Vasculitis/immunology/pathology|
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