Immunodetection of the microvillous cytoskeleton molecules villin and ezrin in the parasitophorous vacuole wall of Cryptosporidium parvum (Protozoa: Apicomplexa)
|Published in||European Journal of Cell Biology. 1999, vol. 78, no. 11, p. 794-801|
|Abstract||Microvilli - actin - villin - ezrin - Cryptosporidium parvum The sporozoites and merozoites of the Apicomplexan protozoan Cryptosporidium parvum (C. parvum) invade the apical side of enterocytes and induce the formation of a parasitophorous vacuole which stays in the brush border area and disturbs the distribution of microvilli. The vacuole is separated from the apical cytoplasm of the cell by an electron-dense layer of undetermined composition. In order to characterize the enterocyte cytoskeleton changes that occur during C. parvum invasion and development, we used both confocal immunofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy to examine at the C.parvum-enterocyte interface the distribution of three components of the microvillous skeleton, actin, villin and ezrin. In infected cells, rhodamine-phalloidin and anti-villin and anti-ezrin antibodies recognized ring-like structures surrounding the developing parasites. By immunoelectron microscopy, both villin and ezrin were detected in the parasitophorous vacuole wall surrounding the luminal and lateral sides of the intracellular parasite. In contrast, anti-beta and anti-gamma actin antibodies showed no significant labelling of the vacuolar wall. These observations indicate that the parasitophorous vacuole wall contains at least two microvillus-derived components, villin and ezrin, as well as a low amount of F-actin. These data suggest that C.parvum infection induces a rearrangement of cytoskeleton molecules at the apical pole of the host cell that are used to build the parasitophorous vacuole.|
|Keywords||Actins/analysis — Animals — Carrier Proteins/ analysis — Cryptosporidium/ chemistry/pathogenicity/ultrastructure — Cytoskeletal Proteins — Cytoskeleton/ chemistry — Feces/microbiology — Female — Intestines/parasitology — Mice — Mice, Inbred BALB C — Microfilament Proteins/ analysis — Microscopy, Confocal — Microscopy, Electron — Microscopy, Immunoelectron — Microvilli/ chemistry — Phosphoproteins/ analysis — Rats — Rats, Sprague-Dawley — Vacuoles/ultrastructure|
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